Here is an example of history repeating itself - quite purposely. The same American professional ethnic cleansers of Serbs - from Krajina - are now sent to cleanse Serbs from Bosnia.
Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:
"What is the present status of the 'equip and train' programme for equipping and training the army of the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by the United States mercenary firm, the funding of which is controlled by the United States State Department."
Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean:
"The "Train and Equip" programme is a bilateral matter between the US and the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Military Professional Resources Incorporated, [MPRI] the firm that conducts the Train and Equip programme, is a private sector company and is licenced by the US State Department. Her Majesty's Government are not involved in this programme. The programme has been suspended since April because of the lack of progress on an integrated Federation Army."
The United Kingdom Parliament
5 July, 1999
PAZARIC, BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA... [I]n a still-volatile Bosnia... retired American officers are teaching about how to fight war under international rules.
The monumental project carries a number of ironies.
The classes are part of a $400 million, US-backed "Train and Equip" program for Bosnia's mainly Muslim Army. But many European diplomats fear the lessons are actually preparing [a future war].
And most of the retired US officers doing the training fought in Vietnam, a war where some documented atrocities helped shock America into withdrawal.
The Christian Science Monitor
Friday December 26, 1997
"America Teaches Rules of War..."
by Philip G. Smucker
MPRI trained the Croatian army prior to its routing [but not cleansing?!!!] of ethnic Serbs from the KRAJINA region in the 1995 Operation Storm.
Agence France-Presse (AFP)
Mon, 13 Oct 1997
The Baltimore Sun
Published on Wednesday, November 12, 1997
SPECIAL TO THE SUN
By James Drake
For fair use only
Published under the provision of
U.S. Code, Title 17, section 107.
PAZARIC, Bosnia-Herzegovina -- Old soldiers never die -- they simply become "consultants."
Hunkered down in a bunker 25 miles west of Sarajevo, Col. Clark Welch -- late of the U.S. Army's Special Forces -- is plotting the downfall of the Bosnian Serb army. "Eight hundred hours tomorrow, we 'move to contact,'" cackles the ebullient Vietnam veteran to a group of staff officers gathered around a pin-riddled wall map. "They'd better be ready, 'cuz we're gonna kick the crap out of them."
Fighting talk. But for now at least, Welch is just playing war games, his only enemy a series of red blips on a computer screen in front of him. The grizzled survivor of real-life combat won't spell out just what the dummy targets represent. "I am teaching these guys how to repel anyone that is stupid enough to attack," he protests with a coy grin. "Now, that could mean anybody."
It's a fine point that is lost on many observers. In fact, the colonel's rhetoric, and his presence in this high-technology boot camp - where wartime leader Radovan Karadzic once orchestrated the Serbian siege of Sarajevo - are making America's European allies very nervous.
Welch arrived in Pazaric last year to set up Washington's "train and equip" arms and expertise package for the Muslim-Croatian Federation, the United Nations-brokered state that now occupies half of partitioned Bosnia and Herzegovina. The $100 million program was devised to appease U.S. congressmen who insisted that the federation be able to protect itself after peacekeeping troops leave.
It also was intended to sweeten the shotgun marriage between the Croatians and Muslims, who during the Yugoslav civil war spent almost as much time fighting each other as the Bosnian Serbs. If the Bosnian Muslims and Croats could be molded into one fighting force, Pentagon officials argued, they would be less likely to clash again in the future.
American arms shipments so far have included advanced armor and aircraft, and the virtual-reality battlefield-simulation software the North Atlantic Treaty Organization used to prepare for Desert Storm.
Capable of measuring such minute variables as the effect of humidity on artillery fire and even the number of bandages left in mobile field stations, it has been adapted to replicate conditions and terrain along the "inter-entity" line dividing the Muslim-Croatian Federation from Republika Srpska, the Serbian part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
To round off the deal, President Clinton sanctioned the dispatch of About 180 "military advisers," that familiar Cold War staple of clandestine conflict. All retired U.S. Army personnel, they concentrate on teaching their trainees the basics of coordinating troop movement and firepower, something none of the rival factions was able to do consistently during the war.
"Typically, we'll place the battalion commander in a central box, equipped only with a map, while his company commanders in separate boxes around him feed him information via computer link," explains Col. Dick Edwards, the former artillery commander who directs the simulation exercises.
"Now during the war, the brigade commander usually wasn't a qualified officer. Often he got chosen because he was the bravest guy in the unit, or even just the guy who had the fanciest weapon. Everyone else was reluctant to offer advice. We're trying to get everyone to contribute to the decision-making process."
Theory aside, Pazaric trainees seem more interested in the firepower the Americans brought.
"In 1992, I lost almost all of my friends. The Serbs drove in tanks and we had one anti-tank rocket. We had to decide when we would fire it," says Capt. Adis Ducic, a Muslim. "If they attack us, we won't let them do that to us again."
Unlike their counterparts in Indochina and Central America, Welch and his colleagues dress in civilian clothes and draw their pay from Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI), an Alexandria, Va., firm that operates under a license from the Pentagon. But their official task of "containment" remains the TC same as in the 1960s -- although in Bosnia, as in Vietnam, few people seem to believe in it.
Under the Dayton accords, Republika Srpska and the Muslim-Croatian Federation are supposed to reunite in the future. But the reality is far different. Bosnian Serb leaders are obstructing efforts to build joint structures; Muslim and Croatian refugees are still barred from returning to their homes in Serbian-controlled territory.
[ OUR NOTE: It is not even planned that Serbs should return to their homes. More than hundred thousand of homes were abandoned by the Serbs but the Western press takes cleansing of more than 1,000,000 (one million) Serbs from their ancestral lands in Krajina, Bosnia and Kosovo - fait accompli.
When talking about human rights the Serbs are never considered to be human beings. ]
Indeed, European leaders warn that if Washington wants to keep the new-look federation army from taking action, it may have to reconsider its plan to withdraw U.S troops in June, the deadline set by Clinton.
" 'Train and equip' could start an arms race," contends Carl Bildt, former U.N. high representative to Bosnia. "It is inflaming a situation which is already inflammatory. That's not what it was originally designed to do."
The Americans counter that if they had not stepped in, far more sinister forces would have. [WHO!? The Serbs?]
Before committing to the agreement, Alija Izetbegovic, the Muslim Chairman of Bosnia's three-man presidency, had to assure Washington that Iranian mujahedeen who fought alongside the Bosnian Muslims during the war had all been expelled.
In fact, "train and equip" was a key carrot in getting the Sarajevo authorities to lay down their arms in the first place.
"They were getting arms from the Middle East, starting to go forward, starting to push the Serbs back and return some of the medicine they'd been getting for four years," recalls Christopher Bennett, an analyst on Bosnia with the International Crisis Group, an independent think tank. "We can't throw 'train and equip' out now, without at the same time rejecting the whole of the Dayton agreement."
Even so, comments from Pazaric recruits suggest that European fears may be well founded. "We are being taught to 'deter and defend,' but I don't like being only on the defensive," growls Goran Medic, a colonel in the Croatian Defense Force, which is scheduled to merge with the largely Muslim Bosnian army by the turn of the century. "In the next war, I want to go forward, to destroy."
If a "next war" comes, it likely won't last very long, given MPRI's Track record. In 1995, Croatia hired the private company to prepare its forces for a series of blitzkrieg [ethnic cleansing] offensives that recaptured Serbian-held land [of Krajina] and forced Karadzic, the Bosnian Serb leader, to the negotiating table.
Now, as the opposition's [i.e. Bosnian Serb's] morale and firepower wane along with its economy, the Sarajevo government has just extended MPRI's CONTRACT for another 12 months.
|The following map of Krajina is scanned from the book "Yugoslavia - A Country Study" issued by U.S. Government Printing Office, Headquarters - Department of the Army, Edition 1992, page 14.|
Krajina, or Military Frontier, is a region where the Serbs settled, at invitation(!) of the Austrian government in 1578. This is half a century before Mayflower arrived to America. The Krajina Serbs were called by the Western press "rebels." This is because they did not want to accept new Croatia modelled after its WWII Nazi predecessor.
Counting on common people's ignorance of Balkan history the Western press called these Serbs "conquerors," even "land-grabbers" as if these people fell from Mars and snatched that land - yesterday. Actually the Serbs lived in Krajina, as overwhelming majority population, from generation to generation for at least four centuries.
U.S. Government (the "private" MPRI company) trained and equipped Nazi Croats who, in August 1995, cleansed more than 200,000 Serbs from Western portion of Krajina. In total close to 600,000 Serbs got cleansed from Tito designed "Croatia" making it one of Europe's most "pure" ethnic country. Even Hitler could not achieve such result... Bravo America!
AUGUST 1995: The Serbian Trail of Tears. The Serb Indians leaving their ancestral lands in Krajina under combined American/Croat Nazi attack.
So far, the program has been run on a "pebble in the pond" principle, with staff officers and senior noncommissioned officers passing on the knowledge they have acquired from MPRI.
With an extra year to play with, there is time for the rest of the Muslim-Croatian Federation's 35,000-strong armed forces to experience the Pazaric treatment at first hand.
Meantime, recent graduates of Welch's academy are already testing out their new weapons in the mountains of northwest Bosnia, a short airstrike away from the hard-line Bosnian Serb redoubt of Banja Luka.
If push does come to shove, observers are hoping that any future clash will be more businesslike than the last. " 'Train and equip' is about building a Western-style, disciplined army, that won't waste time going around raping and looting," says Bennett, the analyst. "Well, that's the theory, anyway."
There are, he points out, a lot of old scores waiting to be settled.(End quote)
With Bosnian Muslims and Croats armed by Washington with the most sophisticated weaponry, with expert ethnic cleansers in place and their students eager to clenase the remaining 1,000,000 Serbs of Republika Srpska, with Serbs disarmed by NATO - everything is ready for the next war.
Please, follow the "next" arrow...
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