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London' Independent quotes Paul Beaver, editor of Jane's Defense Weekly
February 9, 1994

"I find it difficult to contemplate that a 1200mm mortar could cause this number of casualties even in a confined space like market... I'm not aware of such a high number being killed by a single shell"

A British newsletter called "Intelligence Digest" in the March 11, 1994 issue:

Reports are continuing to persist that the Bosnian Serbs were not after all responsible for the devastating attack on a Sarajevo market, supposedly carried out by mortar, that sparked the latest round of international intervention in the Yugoslav civil war. One source of the persistent doubts is Dr. Sevket Karduman of New York, an American doctor of Turkish extraction who was in the emergency ward in Sarajevo where the dead and wounded were taken after the explosion. Dr. Karduman reported that 80 % of the injuries were from the waist down; that there were burns on legs and some cases of heavy bleeding from open fractures; and that there were hardly any foreign bodies or shrapnel wounds, most of which were internal.


Experts reviewing Dr. Karduman's evidence have concluded as follows:

1) No shell could have caused such devastation.

2) The nature of the inuries indicates that they were caused by a cone-shaped explosive device placed among the crates in the market.

3) The device contained a propelling charge (which accounts for the high percentage of internal injuries), a phosphorous bomb (which caused the burns), and some shell head of hand grenades.

4) The device was probably detonated by remote control.

5) It probably weighed no more than 15 kilograms.

6) Had a shell fallen of a table, as claimed by early news reports which were trying to explain the absence of a shell crater, the injuries would have been mainly to the upper part of the body.

International Herald Tribune, Feb. 9, 1994
Jonathan Eyal, Director of studies at Britain's Royal Services

"The Bosnian Muslims will exploit the attacks. Paradoxically, air strikes will be a signal for their wider offensive which everyone is predicting for the spring."

"The Nation" on October 2, 1995.

Mr David Binder writes about the Markale 2 incident, explaining that the Muslims were responsible, but he also mentions the Feb. 5, 1994 -- Markale 1 -- massacre:

"The Canadian specialist, an officer with extensive service in Bosnia, said in a telephone interview. . . . .that he and fellow Canadian officers in Bosnia were 'convinced that the Muslim government dropped both the February 5, 1994, and the August 28, 1995, mortar shells on the Sarajevo market.

A U.S. Administration official who may not be identified further says, "It is impossible to see the street level" of the marketplace "from the distance and location of the Serb gun positions," meaning the Serbs would have been 'shooting blind.'

Further, such a shot from such a distance would have had a high trajectory, he says; however, since 'there was no distinct whistle...a shell could not have fallen from a very great height'."

Source: Ostrankino Channel 1 TV, Moscow, in Russian 2200 GMT 13 Feb 94


"...fresh facts have became known, confirming the opinion that the investigators should be directed to the Muslim side.

A group of UN military experts has come to the conclusion that the mortar was located deep in the Muslim zone... the obvious exaggeration of the number of victims of the tragic incident is extremely suspicious. The head doctor of Sarajevo hospital said on Muslim radio that the number of killed totalled 34 persons, and not 68, as in the official version. Belgrade television this week several times showed pictures in which it could clearly be seen that, alongside human corpses, pseudo-corpses were also being loaded onto vehicles - models and dolls dressed in rags. Some pathologists claim that among the victims were people who had died several days before the tragedy.

The riddle of the explosions should be cleared up. For this purpose, Radovan Karadzic appealed for the holding of an international expert study. It is characteristic that the Muslims side immediately rejected this initiative. The command of the UN forces is also reserved in its attitude toward the holding of an inquiry. In the Bosnian Serb parliament it is being said that the action in the Sarajevo market place might have been mounted not only by the Muslims, but also by foreign special services.

Today, one thing is so far clear: this action could not, erther in a military or political sense, have been advantageous to the Serb side."

The truth belongs to us all.

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Last revised: Feb. 11, 1997